Paul I of Russia biography
Thirty people on Greenpeace ship have been jailed for two months. Russian officials say charges will be filed soon against the activists. SHARECONNECT 29 TWEET COMMENTEMAILMORE MOSCOW (AP) Russia’s main investigative agency on Monday accused Greenpeace activists of posing a “real threat” to the security of personnel on an offshore drilling platform in the Arctic, another indication that Moscow plans to prosecute the jailed environmentalists for their protest. All 30 people who were on a Greenpeace ship, including two journalists, have been jailed for two months pending an investigation into their Sept. 18 protest at the platform owned by state-controlled energy giant Gazprom. The Investigative Committee said charges would be filed soon, but did not specify whether it was still considering charging the activists with piracy, a crime punishable by up to 15 years in prison. The investigators said the Greenpeace ship, the Arctic Sunrise, had violated the 500-meter security zone around the platform and that it was carrying equipment whose purpose was still unclear. In a statement, the investigators said they had seized some equipment and documents from the ship as part of their ongoing search. Greenpeace Russia denied the ship had ventured closer than the 500 meters established by Russian and international law. The inflatable boats used by activists to scale the offshore platform did violate this zone, but posed no danger, the organization said. Copyright 2013 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.
Wait for the Throne In 1762, Peter III reigned for a few months before being overthrown by his wife, who became Catherine II . When he turned 18, Paul hoped for a role in government but was given little responsibility by his mother. As Paul grew older, Catherine consistently kept him from rising to power. Paul was further sidelined by being sent to live at the country estate of Gatchina in 1783. There, he passed the time with Prussian-style military drills. Catherine began to consider bypassing Paul in the succession in favor of his son, Alexander. However, when Catherine died in 1796, Paul seized his chance to take the throne. Reign of Paul I When Paul became Paul I at the age of 42, one of his first acts decreed that primogeniture would be followed in the future, instead of the current ruler being permitted to choose a successor. The change was viewed as a repudiation of his mother and her attempts to stop him from taking power. Once he was in power, Paul, believing that Russia needed an absolute monarch, began to reduce the power and privileges of the nobility. He also directed the country’s military to take up maneuvers and uniforms like the Prussian-inspired ones that had been used at his country estate. Neither group appreciated Pauls changes. Even serfs did not benefit from Paul’s reformsalthough he instituted a work obligation of three days, he gave serfs little recourse if the rule was not obeyed.